Are you thinking about what kind of outdoor tent you need? If you often use a tent for outdoor events, my top recommendation would be a fire-resistant tent. during summer, you may want to host a barbecue party. In the winter, put a heater in the tent or build a campfire outside. These are all scenarios when using a tent. And in this case near the fire, you will need a safer outdoor tent. Following, we have compiled the most important information about fireproof tents for you. It will enable you to understand the certification of a fire-resistant tent in all aspects. Convenient for your next purchase.
Why do we need fireproof tents？
In some large public events, especially when you need to have electrical equipment in the exhibition. Or some outdoor cooking competition. Also in some national parks holding events will need the use of fire-resistant tents. Fire-resistant tent fabrics are less likely to catch fire than untreated canvas or polyester. This also means that tent fabrics burn more slowly, are less likely to spread, and will extinguish themselves if they are no longer exposed to flames. A fire-resistant tent can protect you as much as possible in such situations where a fire may arise.
About fireproof certificate
When you search for information, the two most common are NFPA 701 and CPAI-84. What these two standards mean will be explained in detail.
What is CPAI-84
CPAI stands for Canvas Products Association International. In 1976, the tent flammability standard was developed, which applies to limit the risk of fire in tents' non-committal and voluntary standards. The analysis is how fire-resistant the fabric is, depending on the length of the scorch and how much mass is lost by burning. Suppliers must submit various tent materials (ceilings, walls, and frames) to a licensed third-party organization for the required CPAI-84 flammability test. Since this standard was revised in 1995, it has not been updated again until 2021. In summary, CPAI 84 is a standard for the flammability of materials used in the manufacture of tents.
What is NFPA 701
NFPA 701 (National Fire Protection Association) was started in 1938 and is the most standard fire test method for flame propagation of textiles and films. It is more general than CPAI-84, and NFPA 701 also applies to fire protection standards for draperies and similar hanging textiles. Many states and cities have laws requiring that fabrics used in most public places (including schools, churches, auditoriums, theaters, etc.) must be certified as flame resistant. And it has two test methods, the first is a small-scale test. Typically 10 samples are used and the test measures the flame resistance of the fabric after 12 seconds of exposure to flame. The flame, char length, and burning residue are recorded. The second is a large-scale test, testing materials weighing more than 700 g/m2. Examples include fabrics for tents, tarpaulins, and similar structures and banners. This would be a more accurate method of testing to determine the fire resistance of outdoor materials.
Which one do you need?
While fireproof certification is not essential if you want to host a large event. Most states will require one or two fireproof certificates. CPAI-84 and NFPA 701 are both methods for evaluating the flammability of fabrics. CPAI-84 is a guideline written specifically for materials used in tents, while NFPA 701 is a more general test method. However, NFPA 701 does have provisions for exposing samples to weathering before testing, making it suitable for use in evaluating the flammability of materials used in outdoor final products. The majority of tents, in general, got CPAI-84, with a small number having both certifications. Of course, obtaining a tent with both certifications represents a higher standard of fire safety.
Which fireproof certificates are required in different states
California, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, and New Jersey are all required to comply with this CPAI-84 specification. NFPA 701, on the other hand, is required in 16 states. In California, in particular, the code for fire protection is the most stringent. And New York requires fabrics used in public areas to follow NFPA standards besides obtaining a canopy fireproofing certificate through the New York Administrative Code. If you are unsure of your local fire resistance standards, you can call your local fire department and check.
Extra safety tips
If you want to hold an event, then besides the fire permit. These safety tips are also something you need to be aware of.
- Maintain conspicuous and spacious exits, do not leave tables, chairs or debris on the exit or aisle.
- Try not to produce open flames inside the large tent, including smoking, and do not place any flammable and explosive gases or liquids.
- Each canopy tent should be equipped with a portable fire extinguisher if it is in the case of cooking utensils. A more professional fire extinguisher would be a better choice.
- Keep your generator at least 5 feet away from your tent, and keep all wiring in order. In case guests will trip over it.
After reading the above information about the fireproof certificate, you may feel confused. But in fact, it is not difficult to pick a fireproof tent. Many websites will indicate the fireproof certificate. If you want a safe activity. It is important to choose a fire-resistant tent, whether it is for camping or various activities. Combine a fireproof tent with all the other fire safety tips and you are more likely to enjoy a fun, secure, and burn-free outdoor event.
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